Antique Victorian Era Whitby Jet & Green Glass Beaded Woven Collar Necklace
Antique Victorian Era (c.1837-c.1901) Whitby Jet & green glass micro beaded collar necklace with a snap button closure.
Measurements: 15” inches in total length
Weight: 20 grams
The necklace is in very good antique condition with signs of wear & patina to snap button closure.
The necklace is unsigned.
History: Whitby Jet is a fossilized wood formed from species 181 million years ago during the Jurassic Era. Whitby Jet is mainly found in England, native to the seaside town of Whitby and along the Yorkshire Coastline. It was a very popular mineral used in Victorian Era jewelry. The trend of wearing Whitby Jet jewelry was made popular by Queen Victoria, and was paired with her mourning attire dresses after the passing of her husband, Prince Albert. However, Whitby Jet was also used in ancient jewelry designs as well. Jet is no longer mined, and is now found through natural erosion.
The Victorian Era (c.1837-c.1901) was named after Queen Victoria, whose reigned lasted from 1837-1901 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. She is the second longest ruling monarch. There are three periods within the Victorian Jewelry Era: The Romantic Era (1837-60), The Grand Era (1861-1880), and the Aesthetic Era (1880-1901). Popular designs included the famous ‘mourning jewelry’ period within the Grand Era. The ‘Mourning’ Grand Era began after Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, passed away. Queen Victoria went into a deep mourning stage while consistently wearing all black attire & jewelry. Mourning Jewelry was common in both the U.K and the U.S. Common jewelry characteristics within this period included black & gold enamel, monogrammed personal accessories, memorial sentimental jewelry such as strands of a deceased loved one’s hair or photograph. Common materials used were jet, onyx, gold, and glass. The last period within the Victorian Era was the Aesthetic Era, which emphasized Queen Victoria’s optimism and looking forward to brighter days.